Sweden had an election several months ago, and since then the biggest political parties have been trying very hard to form a majority government because without a majority in the house it is really hard to govern a country.
There are plenty of political parties in Sweden, eager to attract voters, but to have a seat in Parliament means that a party must attain at least 4% of the votes.
To make things even more complex, Swedish governments have traditionally and normally been made up from 2 blocks – the right-wing parties and the left-wing parties who respectively form a majority government after voting day, depending on how voters have cast their votes.
Things have carried on smoothly for decades until the arrival of the Sweden Democrats, who are regarded as pariahs by all of the other parties. This attitude appears to be justified because the Sweden Democrats are self-proclaimed right-wing nationalists and have many members who have expressed extreme xenophobic views and been involved violent behavior. Their election success (18% seats in Parliament) means that the right-wing block needs their support to secure a majority, something the Moderates, the Liberals, the Christian Democrats and the Center Party are not willing to do.
After many failed attempts the Liberals and the Center Party have decided to join the Social Democrats in a majority government which will most likely be supported by the Left Party as well.
The Center Party is motivated to make this move mainly because they do not want to be associated with the Sweden Democrats. However, the Liberals and the Left are more concerned about their very existence. If a new election was called now, they may not be able to secure at least a 4% vote from the electorate!
The final decisions will be made in the coming days by these parties but if they go ahead Sweden will go ahead with a new coalition and an new set of electoral promises.